Hitomi’s mark stood for 11 years, until Christel Schultz of Germany soared past the 6-meter and 20-foot barriers, reaching 6.12/20-¾ in 1939. Another multi-talented athlete, Fanny Blankers-Koen of the Netherlands, snatched the record in 1943 with a leap measuring 6.25/20-6, giving her simultaneous world marks in the high jump and long jump.
Olympic Long Jump Glory
Blankers-Koen owned the world record for more than 11 years, then the mark was broken or tied five times between 1954-56. New Zealand’s Yvette Williams began the record-breaking parade by jumping 6.28/20-7 in 1954. Galina Vinogradova of the Soviet Union tied then broke the record in 1955, topping out at 6.31/20-8¼, before Poland’s Elzbieta Krzesinska twice leaped 6.35/20-10 in 1956, with the latter jump earning her a gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics.
The long jump mark fell six times between 1960-64. East Germany’s Hildrun Claus broke it twice, peaking at 6.42/21-¾ in 1961. Tatyana Shchelkanova of the Soviet Union dented the record books three times, first leaping 6.48/21-3 into a 1.5 mps wind just 23 days after Claus set her second mark, then topping out at 6.70/21-11¾ in July 1964. Great Britain’s Mary Rand then become the second woman to set a world record at the Olympics, passing the 22-foot mark and reaching 6.76/22-2 in Tokyo in 1964. Rand performed her winning jump on a wet track, with a 1.6 mps wind in her face, to become the first British woman to earn an Olympic track and field gold medal.
Four years to the day after Rand’s victory, Viorica Viscopoleanu of Romania broke the mark at altitude on her way to gold at the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City, leaping 6.82/22-4½. Her triumph began an era in which Romanian, German and Soviet athletes exchanged the record back and forth, with one brief exception.
Germans, Romanians, Soviets – and Jackie
West Germany’s Heide Rosendahl took the mark with a jump measuring 6.84/22-5¼ in 1970. She was succeeded by a pair of East Germans in 1976, as Angela Voigt leaped 6.92/22-8¼ on May 9, then Siegrun Siegl reached 6.99/22-11 on May 19. Lithuanian-born Vilma Bardauskiene, competing for the Soviet Union, cruised past the 7-meter mark and broke the record twice within 11 days in 1978, topping out at 7.09/23-3.
Anisoara Cusmir enjoyed the shortest reign as the long jump record-holder, leaping 7.15/23-5¼ in 1982, then seeing fellow Romanian Valy Ionescu jump 7.20/23-7¼ later the same day. Cusmir regained the record the next year, then improved it twice at the same meet, peaking at 7.43/24-4½. East Germany’s Heike Drechsler nudged the record up to 7.44 in 1985, then 7.45/24-5¼ twice in 1986. That proved a popular height as two more jumpers hit it during the next two years. Jackie Joyner-Kersee – the only American woman to hold the world long jump record – put her name in the books alongside Drechsler in 1987, then Galina Chistyakova of the Soviet Union equaled the mark in 1988, in a meet held in St. Petersburg, Russia. Later in the meet, however, the Ukrainian-born Chistyakova flew to a new record of 7.52/24-8.
Drechsler almost took the record back at altitude in Sestriere, Italy in 1992, leaping 7.63/25-¼. Unfortunately for Drechsler the wind meter read 2.1 mps, just above the 2-meter limit. As of 2013 Chistyakova remains the all-time high jump queen.