The 2012 shot put season was and wasn't headlined by Nadzeya Ostapchuk of Belarus. Ostapchuk owned the top three throws of the year, including a toss measured at 21.58 meters (70 feet, 9½ inches) in July. Ostapchuk also earned the silver medal at the World Indoor Championships, then dominated the Olympics by recording the top four throws in the final. One week later, however, Ostapchuk was stripped of her gold medal after testing positive for steroid use. In the end it was New Zealand's Valerie Adams who took home all the biggest prizes of 2012, earning the World Indoor and Olympic gold medals and winning six of seven events to earn the Diamond League championship. Adams had the fourth through 11th-best throws on the 2012 shot put charts.
Sandra Perkovic earned Croatia's first-ever Olympic track and field medal when she won the discus championship in London with the year's third-best throw, measured at 68.11/223-5. Perkovic had three of year's six longest throws, and won six of the seven Diamond League events to take the overall championship. Olympic silver medalist Darya Pishchalnikova posted 2012's two longest throws, including the year's only 70-meter toss, as the Russian reached 70.69/231-11 in July.
Barbora Spotakova dominated javelin throwing in 2012, highlighted by her gold medal performance at the London Olympics. The Czech star had the top four throws at the Olympic final and won with a world-leading toss of 69.55/228-2. Spotakova, who had six of the year's top 10 throws, also won four Diamond League meets and the overall season championship. South Africa's Sunette Viljoen had three of the top 10 throws, while Christina Obergfoll and Linda Stahl earned the Olympic silver and bronze medals, respectively.
Russia's Tatyana Lysenko captured the big hammer-throwing prize of 2012, earning the Olympic gold medal with a toss measuring 78.18/256-6. Lysenko had two of the year's top five throws, while Aksana Miankova of Belarus posted the other three, including a world-leading 78.69/258-2 in July. Anita Wlodarczyk and Zhang Wenxiu won the Olympic silver and bronze medals.